Orthodontic treatment can improve your dental health, smile and confidence. It can also reduce your risk of oral disease and gum problems, as well as improving chewing and speech.
Orthodontists are specialists in the treatment of jaw and teeth alignment issues, commonly called malocclusion. Malocclusions can cause various oral health problems, including crooked teeth and overcrowded mouths.
Teeth alignment is a common orthodontic procedure that helps to correct misalignments of the teeth and jaw. It can benefit people of all ages from children, who may have underbite or overbite issues, to adults who may have crooked teeth that cause bite problems or discomfort when speaking.
When your teeth and jaws are in good alignment, they can work well together to provide you with a healthy smile. Having crooked or misaligned teeth can have negative effects on your oral health, such as creating a poor bite, causing tooth decay and gum disease, and increasing your risk of developing TMJ syndrome.
Malocclusion, or a misalignment of the teeth and jaws, is a condition that can be corrected with dental braces or clear aligners. Aligners work by using gradual pressure to shift your teeth into a more straight position over time.
Each new aligner is a little different than the previous one in terms of placement and shape. The light pressure from each aligner gradually shifts your teeth into a more even alignment over a period of weeks or months.
Invisible aligners are a convenient way to straighten your teeth, and they are less noticeable than other orthodontic treatment options. They are also a great option for patients who don’t want to wear traditional metal braces or have a fear of the discomfort associated with wearing them.
You’ll be given a series of clear aligners that are custom-made based on your bite. You’ll need to wear them for about 20-22 hours a day to achieve predictable tooth movement.
The teeth in each tray move about 1/10mm over the course of the week or two that you wear them. This is how invisible aligners shift your teeth into a more beautiful smile!
Having straight, properly aligned teeth means that your mouth functions better and is easier to clean. It also helps to prevent the buildup of harmful bacteria and other debris that can lead to cavities or gum disease.
A properly aligned mouth can help to increase your confidence and self-esteem, as you’ll feel good about your smile. This is because misaligned or crooked teeth can make you look unattractive and give you a lisp.
Tooth discoloration is a common problem for many people. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including lifestyle choices such as smoking and consumption of foods and beverages that stain the teeth. The color of the teeth can also change over time because of natural aging.
Teeth are made up of a hard, yellow substance called dentin and a lighter color substance called enamel. The dentin helps form the tooth’s core and the enamel protects it.
Over time, the dentin naturally becomes thicker and more yellow than the enamel. The color of the dentin changes as a result of normal wear and tear and can also be caused by diet and certain medications, such as tetracycline.
There are a number of teeth whitening options available to patients. These include over-the-counter products and professional whitening systems offered by dentists.
Before whitening, patients should consult with their dentist to ensure there are no dental health issues that could impact the effectiveness of the treatment. This is especially true for those who have extensive gum recession or large cracks in their teeth.
The bleaching solution used by a dentist is usually more concentrated than over-the-counter whitening treatments. This means that the process can be more painful and may damage the root surfaces of some teeth.
Bleaching treatments can also cause sensitivity in some individuals. This sensitivity usually is temporary, and typically only lasts a day or two. It can also lead to spontaneous shooting pains, which are called “zingers.”
While whitening will not remove all stains, it is a good way to lighten the existing shade of a patient’s teeth. In addition, it can offset the effects of discoloration due to plaque and tartar.
Tooth whitening is an effective way to brighten a smile and improve a person’s self-esteem. It is one of the most popular cosmetic dentistry procedures.
Teeth whitening can have a dramatic effect on the appearance of a smile and can greatly boost your confidence in social situations. It is an easy and affordable way to have a whiter smile, and it can make you feel more comfortable in social settings.
Braces are appliances used to straighten crooked teeth, close gaps between teeth and correct a bite (how your top and bottom teeth meet when you chew). They can also help prevent the development of gum disease, tooth decay and other dental problems.
The treatment process involves placing a series of brackets on each of your teeth and threading wires through the brackets. The wires work by exerting pressure on your teeth and guiding them into their ideal positions.
As your teeth are moved into their ideal positions, the periodontal ligaments that surround your teeth and bone stretch or compress to adjust to the new positions. This natural process of shifting your teeth and jaw is called biomechanical adjustment.
These ligaments are made up of collagen, the same protein that binds your bones together. It is also used for shock absorption between your teeth and bone.
When your braces move a tooth to the right, for example, that ligament on the left compresses to make room for the new tooth. The same process is repeated when you move a tooth forward or across.
During the adjustment process, your orthodontist will adjust your archwires to give you the desired results. They will change the type of wire, the shape and material to create different types of pressure.
Over the course of your treatment, the wires will gradually become thicker and stiffer to provide more force on your teeth. As a result, they will be more effective at moving your teeth from side to side or up and down (tip and torque).
The wires used in orthodontic treatment are made of nickel-titanium and temperature-sensitive materials. During cold temperatures, they are flexible and easily threaded between brackets of any configuration. Once they are heated, however, the wires stiffen and seek to retain their shape.
These flexing and rigidity forces are what creates the constant light force that carries your teeth into their new positions. Your orthodontist will also use ligatures, elastics and headgear to apply additional pressure or tension to your teeth in certain situations.
The most important reason to get braces is to improve your oral health. By straightening your teeth, you can remove bacteria from spaces between your teeth that contribute to tooth decay and gum disease.
If you have mild to moderate crooked teeth, you may be eligible for Invisalign. The process is similar to traditional braces, but it uses clear plastic aligners instead of metal brackets and wires. Patients wear a series of aligners that move their teeth gradually. They should also follow proper oral hygiene practices, and they must visit the dentist or orthodontist regularly to have their aligners checked and replaced as needed.
Invisalign is an excellent option for adults and teens who want to straighten their teeth without using uncomfortable or embarrassing metal brackets and wires. It can help people who have issues such as overbite, overcrowding, or crossbite, but it is not an ideal solution for severe cases.
Before you can begin Invisalign treatment, your dental team must assess your oral health to make sure there are no underlying conditions that would interfere with tooth movement. This can include issues like gum disease, cavities, or periodontal disease.
After your assessment, your dentist or orthodontist will create a treatment plan. This will include a 3D image of your mouth that Invisalign uses to develop your aligners.
Your orthodontist will use this information to create a set of aligners that will slowly shift your teeth into the desired position over time. They will then replace your aligners every one to two weeks, so that you continue to progress through your treatment.
You can expect to wear the aligners for about 20-22 hours a day, so you will need to take care of them carefully and only remove them when eating, drinking, or brushing your teeth. If you aren’t taking good care of your aligners, they can easily become damaged or stained.
Once you have finished your Invisalign treatment, you will need to wear a retainer to keep your teeth in their new positions. This will ensure that your smile stays beautiful and straight for the rest of your life.
Invisalign is an effective way to straighten your teeth, and your dentist can help you determine if it’s right for you. The process is relatively easy, but it is important to find an orthodontist who can properly monitor your treatment and modify your aligners if necessary.